Group name - Hull Handbell Change Ringers

Fundamentals

Key Concepts

  Fundamentals - Plain Bob Minor

Plain Bob Minor

The ringing method, Plain Bob, is a simple extension of Plain Hunting; it enables 60 changes to be rung on 6 bells before returning to rounds; and with some calls, (i.e. bobs and singles), all 720 unique change rows can be rung without repetition.

In Plain Bob, as in other plain methods, the treble is a fixed bell, it simply hunts up and down as it does in Plain Hunting. The remaining bells, (known as working bells or inside bells), perform a simple dance around the treble, and the majority of this is also plain hunting.

The difference between Plain Hunting and Plain Bob comes whilst the treble is leading. In Plain Hunting when the treble leads, 6ths place is made, the pairs in 2-3 and 4-5 cross, and rounds is reached. In Plain Bob, when the treble leads, 2nds place is made, and the pairs in 3-4 and 5-6 cross. This causes the bells in those places to make step backwards in their hunting path, known as a dodge.

Consequently, the first time the treble leads, the bells at backstroke fall in the sequence 135264, and at that point all six bells start ringing plain hunting once more, but this time each bell starts from a new place within the change. E.g. Bell number 4 will start hunting from the sixth place in the change-row 135264.

This pattern is then repeated a further 4 times until after 60 change rows the bells return to rounds.

The 60 changes without bobs and singles is termed “a plain course”, and with bobs and singles, “a touch”. A touch of 720 changes is known as “The Extent”. We will deal with bobs and singles later.

So in a plain course, we get 5 sections of 12 changes, each section having an identical pattern, but also having the working bells start from a different position each time. Viz:

Site Sections:

Plain Course
(and grid).

Method Structure

Written out by numbers, and also shown as a grid, we get:

A Plain Course of Plain Bob Minor with grid

Diagram: 104.1 Plain Bob Minor, Plain Course, change-rows and grid.

Ambiguous language: Each section of 12 changes is also known as "a lead" or as a full lead.

Plain Bob creates a distinction between the treble which rings a simple, fixed course, and the other bells are known as “working bells” or “inside bells”.


Dodging

Dodging

A glance forwards to the double line for the pair of bells numbered 1&2 will show that the treble in red rings a smooth and regular path alternating between lead and lie. Conversely, bell number 2, in blue, also alternates between lead and lie, but not so smoothly, and indeed at one point returns to lead before it hunts out to lie behind. No 2 is a "working bell" as opposed to the treble which is a fixed bell.

As we have said, the interruptions to the smooth hunting for a working bell are called dodges; these are described in relation to the overall direction of travel. So if a working bell is interrupted whilst hunting up from lead to lie, that is a "dodge up", and conversely an interruption whilst hunting down from lie to lead is a down dodge.

This description makes much more sense on towerbells (from where the definition originated).


Plain Bob Minor
Rule No 1

Rule 1

Plain Bob Minor:
Ring plain hunting until the treble leads.
When the treble leads, seconds place is made and the bells in 3-4, and 5-6 dodge.


Plain Bob Minor
Rule No 2

Rule 2

Plain Bob Minor:
When one bell makes a place and the other bell dodges, the hunting pattern changes.

This rule is equally true for all three pairs, 1-2, 3-4 and 5-6.

Associated with rule 2:
The previous hunting pattern continues until the handstroke of the treble's lead, and the new pattern starts at the backstroke of the treble's lead.

Turning now to look at each of the pairs of bells in turn: 

Click 1-2 in Words to open a .pdf description of 1-2 that has no embedded graphics.

1-2

The Blue Lines

Ringing 1-2 to a Plain Course

1-2 position, numbers, instructions, graphic

Diagram: 104.2 Plain Bob Minor, the work of 1-2.

The diagram shows Plain Bob Minor for 1-2 twice, once with spacings, and once with course bells. The spacing from start of the change and between the bells must be memorised and imprinted so well that it can be rung in "real time" without any hesitation whatsoever.

Once a learner can ring 1-2 by the spacings, learning the course bells gives added strength to the ringing, however, as touches alter the coursing order, further techniques will also be needed for course bells to remain useful.


3-4

Ringing 3-4 to a Plain Course

A course of Plain Bob on 3-4 involves ringing two Plain Hunting patterns as well as the dodges that link the patterns together. Rule 2 above can be helpful to the beginner:

3-4 position, numbers, instructions, graphic

Diagram: 104.3 Plain Bob Minor, the work of 3-4.

Click Touches on 3-4 and 5-6 to open a .pdf text only description of ringing plain courses and touches on the inside pairs.

5-6

Ringing 5-6 to a Plain Course

5-6 position, numbers, instructions, graphic

Diagram: 104.4 Plain Bob Minor, the work of 5-6.


Click Touches on 3-4 and 5-6 to open a .pdf text only description of ringing plain courses and touches on the inside pairs.

Touches

Ringing Touches of Plain Bob Minor

What is a touch?

A Plain Course of Plain Bob Minor is 60 change rows, and to go beyond this without repetition we need to link in further changes before getting back to rounds. We do this by making temporary alterations, one at a time, to the method; these alterations are known as a call. Two types of call are needed, and these are known as a “bob” and a “single”.

Click Touches on 1-2 to open a .pdf text only description of ringing touches on 1-2.

Bobs and Singles

Bobs and Singles

Bobs and singles affect the work of the bells in 2nds, 3rds and 4ths places at the lead end where the call is made. Calls are always made on the backstroke before the treble’s full lead, and take effect on the backstroke of the treble’s lead..

The call of a bob means that as the treble leads, 4ths place is made, and the two bells in 2nds and 3rds cross over. The bells in 5-6 are unaffected.

At the call of a single the bells in 2nds 3rds and 4ths place all remain in place and only the pair in 5-6 swap over. The bells in 5-6 are unaffected.

Plain lead, bobs and singles - grid layout

Diagram: 104.5 Plain Bob Minor, the grid structure for plain, bob, and single.

Impact on one bell

The impact of calls on the working of an individual bell:

PLE = Plain Lead End

  • PLE: Make seconds over the treble
  • Bob called
  • Run out to thirds
  • Make seconds over the treble next lead end
  • Single called
  • Unaffected
  • PLE: Dodge 3-4 down
  • Bob called
  • Run in to 2nds
  • Dodge 3-4 down next lead end
  • Single called
  • Make 3rds place
  • Make 2nds next lead end
  • PLE: about to dodge 3-4 up
  • Bob called
  • make 4ths place
  • hunt in to lead
  • dodge 5-6 down next lead end
  • Single called
  • make 4ths place
  • hunt in to lead
  • dodge 5-6 down next lead end
  • PLE: dodging in 5-6
  • Bob called
  • Unaffected
  • Single called
  • Unaffected

Impact on pairs

The impact of calls on the pairs of bells:

In the following paragraphs we have enumerated all of the combinations of lead end and call but this is a lot of information to memorise. However, we would advise looking closely at the information and ensuring that it is properly understood.

As all of the plain hunting patterns have already been learned, a good way to cope with calls is to look at which of your bells is affected and how, and then to ring plain hunting from the new pair of positions in the approprpriate pattern until the following lead end. In this way the skill of watching the treble is rewarded, and reliance on knowing your exact placing in the double lines is reduced.


1-2

Ringing 1-2 to a touch:

Once the work of 1-2 in a plain course has been thoroughly assimilated, the addition of bobs and singles adds interest and can be learned quite easily from the following:

  • Leading and making seconds
  • Bob called
  • Run out to thirds place,
  • Hunting: coursing pair,
  • Make seconds next lead end
  • Single called
  • Unaffected, make seconds and carry on coursing
  • Leading and about to dodge 3-4 down
  • Bob called
  • Run in to 2nds place
  • Hunting: coursing pair,
  • Dodge 3-4 down next lead end
  • Single called
  • Make 3rds place
  • Hunt out (still coursing)
  • Make 2nds next lead end
  • Leading and about to dodge 3-4 up
  • Bob called
  • Make 4ths place
  • 2-3 hunting pattern
  • dodge 5-6 down next lead end
  • Single called –
  • As for bob, but both blows in 4ths are over the same bell
  • Leading and dodging in 5-6 either way
  • Unaffected by calls

Plain Bob Minor
Impact on inside pairs
Rule No 3

Rule 3

Plain Bob Minor, Rule 2:
When one bell makes a place and the other bell dodges, the hunting pattern changes.

In a touch of Plain Bob on a working pair, Rule 2 becomes Rule 3:

Plain Bob Minor, Rule 3:
When one bell makes either 3rds at a single, or 4ths at a bob or at a single, the work of the pair of bells changes to the other pattern.
i.e. If you are ringing 3-4 pattern and a bell makes 4ths at a bob or 3rds at a single, you will then ring 5-6 pattern. And vice versa.

Equally if your pair makes two places at a single, the pattern being rung remains unchanged.


Click Touches on 3-4 and 5-6 to open a .pdf text only description of ringing plain courses and touches on the inside pairs.

Ringing an inside pair. 3-4, or 5-6 to a touch:

  • PLE: 2nds and 3-4 up
  • Bob called
  • Run out and make 4ths
  • Hunting: Opposites
  • 2nds and 5-6 down next lead end
  • Single called
  • Make 2nds and 4ths
  • Hunting: Coursing
  • 3-4 down and 5-6 down (parallel) next lead end
  • PLE: 2nds and 3-4 down
  • Bob called
  • Run in and run out
  • Hunting: 2-3 pattern
  • 2nds and 3-4 down next lead end
  • Single called
  • make 2nds and 3rds
  • Hunting: 2-3 pattern
  • 2nds and 3-4 down next lead end
  • PLE: 2nds and 5-6 up
  • Bob called
  • run out and 5-6 up
  • Hunting: Coursing out
  • 2nds and 3-4 up next lead end
  • Single called
  • Unaffected
  • PLE: 2nds and 5-6 down
  • Bob called
  • Run out and 5-6 down
  • Hunting: 2-3 pattern (start with m&c in 4-5)
  • 2nds and dodge 5-6 up next lead end
  • Single called
  • Unaffected
  • PLE: Dodge together in 3-4
  • Bob called
  • Run in and make 4ths
  • Hunting: Coursing
  • 3-4 down and 5-6 down (parallel) next lead end
  • Single called
  • make 3rds and 4ths
  • Hunting: Opposites
  • 2nds and 5-6 down next lead end
  • PLE: 3-4 up and 5-6 up (parallel)
  • Bob called
  • Make 4ths and dodge 5-6 up
  • Hunting: 2-3 pattern
  • Dodge 3-4 up and 5-6 down (scissors apart) next lead end
  • Single called
  • Make 4ths and dodge 5-6 up
  • Hunting: 2-3 pattern
  • Dodge 3-4 up and 5-6 down (scissors apart) next lead end
  • PLE: 3-4 up and 5-6 down (scissors apart)
  • Bob called
  • make 4ths and dodge 5-6 down
  • Hunting: coursing down
  • Dodge together in 5-6 next lead end
  • Single called
  • make 4ths and dodge 5-6 down
  • Hunting: coursing down
  • Dodge together in 5-6 next lead end
  • PLE: 3-4 down and 5-6 up (scissors together)
  • Bob called
  • Run in and dodge 5-6 up
  • Hunting: Opposites
  • Dodge together in 3-4 next lead end
  • Single called
  • Make 3rds and dodge 5-6 up
  • Hunting: Coursing out
  • Make 2nds and dodge 3-4 up next lead end
  • PLE: 3-4 down and 5-6 down (parallel)
  • Bob called
  • Run in and 5-6 down
  • Hunting: 2-3 pattern
  • 3-4 down and 5-6 up (scissors together) next lead end
  • Single called
  • Make 3rds and 5-6 down
  • Hunting: 2-3 pattern (start with m&c in 4-5)
  • Make 2nds and dodge 5-6 up next lead end
  • PLE: Dodge together in 5-6
  • Bob called
  • Unaffected
  • Single called
  • Unaffected

Example touches

Example Touches of Plain Bob Minor

Touches are often rung using the tenor bell reference point (a.k.a. an observation bell). It is perfectly ok to make calls that affect the tenor, but very often the tenor is unaffected. The calling positions are known by their impact on the tenor viz:

  • W: "Wrong" - 5-6 up
  • F: "Fourths" - 3-4 up
  • B: "Before" - 2nds
  • I : "In" - 3-4 down
  • H: "Home" - 5-6 down

When writing down touches in shorthand it is conventional to use a dash to mean bob and S to mean single, and generally course end change rows are given. In the touches below we have added the related coursing order as well, and the specific purpose touches are spelled out in more detail.

Short Touches of Plain Bob Minor

Click Download Touches to obtain a .pdf document, 5 pages, for printing.

1: 36 Plain Bob Minor

36 Plain Bob Minor - three bobs in a row

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Bob Bob Bob 23456 53246 36

Abel Composition Code

W 4 H


This is the shortest possible touch, three consecutive bobs, 5 makes the first, tenor makes the second, and 4 makes the last bob.

Variation: Call single instead of each of the first two bobs.

Notes: 1-2 never leave coursing position.
Composition 2 and 3 are further variations on composition 1.


2: 72 Plain Bob Minor

72 Plain Bob Minor - BBS BBS

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Bob Bob Single 32456 52346 36
Bob Bob Single 23456 53246 36

Total 72

Abel Composition Code

2 ( W 4 SH )


Notes: 1-2 never leave coursing position.


3: 108 Plain Bob Minor

108 Plain Bob Minor - BBP x 3

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Bob Bob 34256 54326 36

Repeat twice Total 3 X 36

Abel Composition Code

3 ( W 4 )


Notes: 5-6 make the 4ths at each of the bobs.
See also touch No 10.


4: 72 Plain Bob Minor

72 Plain Bob Minor - Before and Home

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Bob Bob 23456 53246 72

Abel Composition Code

3 H


Notes: In this simple touch bell No 4 makes both bobs, 5-6 run in and out at the first bob, and 2 and 3 run in and out at the second.


5: 120 Plain Bob Minor

120 Plain Bob Minor - Wrong Home Wrong Home

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Bob Bob 45236 35426 60
Bob Bob 23456 53246 60

Total 120

Abel Composition Code

2 ( W H )


Notes A bob is called every time the tenor dodges in 5-6.


6: 120 Plain Bob Minor

120 Plain Bob Minor - 2 Singles Home

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Single 24356 54236 60
Single 23456 53246 60

Total 120

Abel Composition Code

SH SH


Notes Only the ringer of 3-4 is affected.


7: 120 Plain Bob Minor

120 Plain Bob Minor - 2 singles Wrong

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Single 53426 23546 60
Single 23456 53246 60

Total 120

Abel Composition Code

SW SW


Notes Only bells numbered 2 and 5 are affected.


Specifics

Specific Purpose Touches of Plain Bob Minor

8: 204 Plain Bob Minor

204 Plain Bob Minor, Bobs work for 1-2

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Bob Bob 34256 54326 36
2 Bob 42356 52436 84
2 Bob 23456 53246 84

Total 204

Abel Composition Code

W 4 2 ( 3 3 H )


6th Call 23456 53246 2nd
Wrong Bob 23564 32546 Run In
4ths Bob 23645 54326 Run In
Home 34256 3-4 Down

4ths 45362 5-6 Down
Wrong 56423 5-6 Up
Before Bob 56234 52436 Make Bob
Before Bob 56342 53246 5-6 Down
Before 64523 5-6 Up
In 42635 3-4 Up
Home Bob 42356 52436 Run out

Wrong 25463 Make 2nds
4ths 56234 3-4 Down
Before Bob 56342 53246 5-6 Down
Before Bob 56423 54326 5-6 Up
Before 62534 3-4 Up
In 23645 Make 2nds
Home Bob 23456 53246 Run In

This above touch is designed to ensure that No 2 runs in, runs out and makes the bob at least once each.


9: 120 Plain Bob Minor

120 Plain Bob Minor, Singles work for 1-2

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Single Single 34256 54326 36
Single Single 23456 53246 84

Total 120

Abel Composition Code

SW S4 S2 S3


6th Call 23456 53246 2nd
Wrong Single 32564 23546 Make 3rds
4ths Single 23645 54326 Make 2nds
Home 34256 3-4 Down

Wrong 45362 5-6 Down
4ths 56423 5-6 Up
Before Single 65234 24356 4ths at S
In Single 56342 53246 5-6 Down
Before 64523 5-6 Up
In 42635 3-4 Up
Home 23456 2nds

The 120 above is designed to ensure that No 2 makes 2nds, 3rds and 4ths at the call of a single.


Longer

Longer Touches of Plain Bob Minor

Touches 10 through to 14 build on and combine touches nos. 3 and 5 to give a variety of practice lengths and pair patterns, especially helpful for the aspiring conductor on 5-6.


10: 216 Plain Bob Minor

216 Plain Bob Minor, SBP BBP BBP Repeated

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Single Bob 24356 54236 36
Bob Bob 43256 53426 36
Bob Bob 32456 52346 36

Repeat Total 2 x 108

Abel Composition Code

2 (SW 4 W 4 W 4 )



11: 192 Plain Bob Minor

192 Plain Bob Minor, BBP BBP WHW

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Bob Bob 34256 54326 36
Bob Bob 42356 52436 36
Bob Bob 35426 25346 36
Bob 23456 53246 36

Repeat Total 2 x 108

Abel Composition Code

W 4 W 4 W H W



12: 384 Plain Bob Minor

384 Plain Bob Minor, SBP BBP WHW - Repeated

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Single Bob 24356 54236 36
Bob Bob 43256 53426 36
Bob Bob 25436 35246 60
Bob 32456 52346 60

Repeat Total 2 x 192

Abel Composition Code

2 ( SW 4 W 4 W H W )



13: 276 Plain Bob Minor

276 Plain Bob Minor, BBP WHW WHW

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Bob Bob 34256 54326 36
Bob Bob 25346 45236 60
Bob 42356 52436 60
Bob Bob 35426 25346 60
Bob 23456 53246 60

Total 276

Abel Composition Code

W 4 2 ( W H W )



14: 552 Plain Bob Minor

552 Plain Bob Minor, SBP WHW WHW Repeated

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Single Bob 24356 54236 36
Bob Bob 35246 45326 60
Bob 43256 53426 60
Bob Bob 25436 35246 60
Bob 32456 52346 60

Repeat Total 2 x 276

Abel Composition Code

2 { SW 4 2 ( W H W ) }



15: 240 Plain Bob Minor

240 Plain Bob Minor - BSBS Wrong

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Bob 52436 32546 60
Single 32456 52346 60
Bob 53426 23546 60
Single 23456 53246 60

Total 240

Abel Composition Code

2 ( W SW )


Note: Bell no 5 makes 4ths at each bob, and 3rds at each single.


16: 720 Plain Bob Minor

720 Plain Bob Minor - BSBSW BH x2

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Bob 52436 32546 60
Single 32456 52346 60
Bob 53426 23546 60
Single Bob 42356 52436 60

Repeat twice Total 3 X 240

Abel Composition Code

3 { 2 ( W SW ) H }


Hints and tips

This popular 720 has almost the minimum number of calls, and one bell unaffected by the calls at Wrong in each part, viz:
Part 1: 532 affected by calls, 4, unaffected by calls, dodges 5-6 down with Tenor
Part 2: 524 affected by calls, 3, unaffected by calls, dodges 5-6 down with Tenor
Part 3: 543 affected by calls, 2, unaffected by calls, dodges 5-6 down with Tenor

Some pitfalls for the ringer of 3-4 to avoid:
1st part: After the first bob and single, 3-4 are coursing, 3 down before 4.
2nd part: The halfway point is at the end of the course, coursing order 54236, and at the home, the change is 124356.
Bob Wrong Single Wrong completes the block and brings back coursing order 52436 until the part end.
3rd part: In this last part, 3-4 are coursing throughout. In the first and last course of the last part, the order is 4 down before 3; in the 2nd and 3rd courses, the order is 3 down before 4.
So for the last 5 courses of the extent, 3-4 are coursing, 2 courses 4 down first, 2 courses 3 down first, and 1 last course, 4 down first.

And one pitfall for the conductor to avoid:
The first bob Wrong of a part comes immediately after the last bob Home of the previous part.

Are you short of mental capacity to transpose coursing orders whilst ringing and calling at handbell speeds? - You bet!
So, just learn the coursing orders, viz:
At Wrong: B 325, S 523, B 235, S 532 plain course, Home B 524 part end;
At Wrong: B 245, S 542 half way, B 425, S 524, Home B 543 part end;
At Wrong: B 435, S 534, B 345, S 543, Home B 532 720 end.


17: 540 Plain Bob Minor


540 Plain Bob Minor - BSBS Shortened

Call composition 16 above omitting any one block of 4 calls (BSBS) at Wrong.


18: 360 Plain Bob Minor

360 Plain Bob Minor - WHW x 3

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Bob Bob 45236 35426 60
Bob 34256 54326 60

Repeat twice Total 3 X 120

Abel Composition Code

3 ( W H W )


In this touch a bob is called every time the tenor dodges in 5-6 except when it dodges with 5.


19: 720 Plain Bob Minor

720 Plain Bob Minor - WHW x 6 Single halfway and end

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Bob Bob 45236 35426 60
Bob 34256 54326 60
Bob Bob 52436 45236 60
Bob 42356 52436 60
Bob Bob 35426 25346 60
Bob Single 24356 54236 60

Repeat Total 2 X 360

Abel Composition Code

2 { 3 ( W H W ) SH}


Variations

The traditional calling, above, has the single at the end of each part. The singles can be called in various places, but must be called in the same place in each part. The simple variations are:
Call a single instead of the bob wrong in either the 1st, or the 3rd, or the 5th course.
Call a single at home in either the 2nd, or the 4th, or the 6th course.


20: 240 Plain Bob Minor

240 Plain Bob Minor

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Single 53426 23546 60
Bob 25436 35246 60
Single 35426 25346 60
Bob 23456 53246 60

Total 240

Abel Composition Code

2 ( SW W )



21: 360 Plain Bob Minor

360 Plain Bob Minor

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Single 53426 23546 60
Bob 25436 35246 60
Single 35426 25346 60
Bob Bob 42356 52436 60
Bob 34256 54326 60
Bob 23456 53246 60

Total 360

Abel Composition Code

2 ( SW W ) H H H



22: 480 Plain Bob Minor

480 Plain Bob Minor

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Single 53426 23546 60
Bob 25436 35246 60
Single 35426 25346 60
Bob Single 24356 54236 60

Repeat Total 2 x 240

Abel Composition Code

2 { 2 ( SW W ) SH}



23: 720 Plain Bob Minor

720 Plain Bob Minor

Wrong 4ths Before In Home 23456 53246 Changes

Single 53426 23546 60
Bob 25436 35246 60
Single 35426 25346 60
Bob Bob 42356 52436 60
Single 43256 53426 60
Bob 24356 54236 60

Repeat Total 2 x 360

Abel Composition Code

2 { 2 ( SW W ) H SH H }



24: 540 Plain Bob Minor


540 Plain Bob Minor - SBSB Shortened

Call composition 23 above omitting any one block of 4 calls (SBSB) at Wrong.


Warning


Caveat

At first sight touches 16 and 23 are very similar each having a round block of 4 calls at wrong.

This is deceptive.

Touch 15 contains a repeated structure with 5-6 ringing two courses coursing, and 2 courses parted. Touch 20 has 5-6 coursing for 1 course and parted for 3. The extensions to 720 are then fundamentally different with touch 15 becoming a 3 part calling at touch 16, and touch 20 requiring 2 extra courses including a single to produce a 2 part 720.

The temptation to confuse the two approaches and call either BSBS Wrong BSB Home or SBSBW BH should be avoided as the touches are false.


Getting going with touches

Getting started with touches

The major factors seem to be:
The overall strength of the band,
The speed at which concepts and challenges are being tackled and overcome.

If you are lucky enough to have two experienced handbell ringers and only one "improver" in the touch then just working down the above 12 touches, watching for mistakes and learning points should be enough to get up to quarter peal standard.

If your situation is more of a struggle, the following are suggested:
Brief the band on what the touch entails,
Specifically get the weaker person on the inside pair to learn how their bells are affected.
It can be useful for the conductor to call out when the lead ends occur that have no call.

Putting a weaker ringer on 5-6 and briefing him / her on the repeating pattern of the calls, and the repeating structure of the work of their pair of bells can enable progress to be made, and very importantly, practice to be gained by all concerned.

Touch No. 5 has the 5th making the bob and running out twice for 120 changes length. This pattern is carried forward into touch No. 18 and repeated twice to make 360 changes; and to touch No. 19 where there are 5 repetitions to make a 720.

Touch No. 15 has the 5th making 4ths at the bob and then making 3rds at the single, and then that work is repeated to make 240 changes. This pattern carries forward into touch No. 16 where a total of 5 repetitions again makes 720 changes; and also into touch No. 17 , 3 repetitions giving a touch of 540.